López, Vicente Fidel (vēsānˈtā fēħālˈ lōˈpās) [key], 1815–1903, Argentine historian, journalist, and politician; son of Vicente López y Planes. A member of the group that opposed the dictatorship of Juan Manuel de Rosas, he sought refuge in Chile (1840–52), where he founded a political review and aided the educational schemes of Domingo Faustino Sarmiento. He returned to Argentina to aid Justo José de Urquiza and was again an expatriate after Urquiza's fall from power. Later he became rector of the Univ. of Buenos Aires. With Juan Maria Gutierrez he edited (1871–77) the Revista del Río de la Plata. Of his historical works the most important is the 10-volume Historia de la república argentina (1883–93).
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