López y Planes, Vicente (vēsānˈtā lōˈpās ē pläˈnās) [key], 1784–1856, Argentine statesman and poet. He served (1806–7) under Jacques de Liniers against the British invaders. After the resignation of Rivadavia, he became (1827) provisional president of the United Provinces of La Plata. He was a minister under Dorrego and a prominent jurist under Juan Manuel de Rosas. After the fall of Rosas, López y Planes was made (1852) governor of Buenos Aires prov. Outstanding among his poems are Triunfo argentino, a ballad celebrating the successful Argentine defense against the British, and a war song commemorating the triumph of the revolution, which was adopted as the national hymn in 1813. He was the father of Vicente Fidel López.
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