Lutyens, Sir Edwin Landseer (lŭˈchənz, lŭˈtyənz) [key], 1869–1944, English architect. He began his career designing small houses in Surrey and later executed a series of large country establishments, many of them complete with furniture and gardens. In these works he developed a style of domestic architecture that was based upon traditional English design and craftsmanship and yet was highly individual. The noteworthy public achievement of his career was the planning of New Delhi, India, which included the design of the viceroy's palace. Among his principal works are the Cenotaph in London and other war memorials, including those at Manchester and at Johannesburg, South Africa; domestic and public buildings at Hampstead garden suburb; the Hampton Court bridge; and the British embassy at Washington, D.C. He was knighted in 1918.
See study by C. Hussey (1950).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.