MacGahan, Januarius Aloysius (məgănˈ) [key], 1844–78, American newspaper correspondent. He reported the Franco-Prussian War for the New York Herald and in 1873 penetrated central Asia to join the Russian army against Khiva. An account of the venture, Campaigning on the Oxus (1874), made him famous. He was sent by the London Daily News to investigate the Turkish massacres in Bulgaria, and his dispatches were collected in The Turkish Atrocities in Bulgaria (1876) and were an incitement to the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–78.
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