Madariaga, Salvador de (Salvador de Madariaga y Rojo)sälväħōrˈ dā mäħäryäˈgä ē rōˈhō, 1886–1978, Spanish author and diplomat. In 1922 Madariaga became head of the disarmament section of the League of Nations. After teaching at Oxford (1928–31), he served as Spanish ambassador to the United States and France. His resignation (1936) followed his disaffection with the republic; he took no part in the civil war. His literary work, written in Spanish, French, and English, is voluminous; it includes history, international relations, literary criticism, and social psychology. Madariaga's point of view is liberal and humanist, his style classical.