Marie, Alexandre Thomas (älĕksäNˈdrə tômäˈ märēˈ) [key], 1795–1870, French minister of public works. He served in the revolutionary provisional government of 1848 and in the executive committee that replaced it (Apr., 1848). Supposedly to fulfill the plan of Louis Blanc for social workshops, Marie opened national workshops, but they proved impracticable and costly. It is thought that he deliberately discredited the plan. The abandonment of the program led to the workers' rebellion of the June Days of 1848. After 1848, Marie actively opposed Louis Napoleon (later Napoleon III).
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