Massasoit (măsˌəsoiˈĭt, măsˈəsoitˌ) [key], c.1580–1661, chief of the Wampanoag. He was also known as Ousamequin (spelled in various ways). One of the most powerful native rulers of New England, he went to Plymouth in 1621 and signed a treaty with the Pilgrims, which he faithfully observed until his death. He befriended Roger Williams and was a friend of Edward Winslow. In 1632 he fought his enemy, Canonicus, ruler of the Narragansett. Massasoit's son, Metacomet, became famous as King Philip (see King Philip's War).

See biography by A. G. Weeks (1919).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Massasoit from Fact Monster:

  • American-Indian Biographies—A to Z - Biographies of notable American Indians
  • Squanto - Squanto Squanto or Tisquantum,d. 1622, Native North American of the Pawtuxet tribe. He is sometimes ...
  • Wampanoag - Wampanoag Wampanoag , Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Algonquian branch of the ...
  • Edward Winslow - Winslow, Edward Winslow, Edward, 1595–1655, one of the founders of Plymouth Colony in New ...
  • Plymouth Colony: Early Years - Early Years During the first winter of the colony, about half of the settlers died from scurvy and ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: North American indigenous peoples: Biographies

Play Hangman

Play Poptropica

Play Quizzes

Play Tic Tac Toe