Mathews, Shailer, 1863–1941, American theologian, educator, and author, b. Portland, Maine, studied at Colby College, at Newton Theological Institution, and at the Univ. of Berlin. After seven years of teaching at Colby College (then called Colby Univ.) he entered (1894) upon his long association with the Univ. of Chicago. There he was associate professor and professor of New Testament history and interpretation (until 1905), professor of systematic theology (1905–6), and professor of history and comparative theology (1906–33); he was dean of the divinity school from 1908 to 1933 and dean emeritus thereafter. He was editor (1903–11) of the World Today, editor (1913–20) of the Biblical World, and president (1912–16) of the Federal Council of Churches of Christ in America. His writings include an autobiography, New Faith for Old (1936); The French Revolution (1901), The Church and the Changing Order (1907), The Faith of Modernism (1924), The Church and the Christian (1938).