Maury, Jean Siffrein (zhäN sēfrăNˈ môrēˈ) [key], 1746–1817, French churchman, cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. A court preacher and writer before the French Revolution, he was known in the Constituent Assembly as a defender of the nobility and clergy. He fled (1791) France, passed some years (1792–98) in Rome, and was made cardinal in 1794. Leaving (1799) Italy after the French occupation, he spent some time in Russia. After his return (1804) to France, he was made archbishop of Paris in 1810 and refused to surrender this office when commanded to do so by the pope. After the fall of Napoleon he again fled (1814) to Rome, where he was imprisoned for a time.
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