Mills, Ogden Livingston, 1884–1937, American political leader, b. Newport, R.I. He practiced law in New York City and became an active Republican party leader. He served (1914–17) in the New York state legislature and then (1921–27) in the U.S. Congress, where he was noted as a fiscal expert. He was appointed (1927) Under Secretary of the Treasury, succeeded Andrew Mellon as Secretary of the Treasury (Feb., 1932–Mar., 1933), and afterward severely criticized the New Deal. His works include Liberalism Fights On (1936) and The Seventeen Million (1937).