Milne, John, 1850–1913, British seismologist, b. Liverpool, educated at King's College and the Royal School of Mines. He worked as a mining engineer in Newfoundland and Labrador and served (1874) as a geologist on a mining expedition to NW Arabia. From 1875 to 1894 he was professor of geology at the Imperial Univ. in Tokyo, where he helped to organize the seismic survey of Japan. After his return to England he was influential in promoting the establishment of seismological stations throughout the world; he designed several seismographs. His writings include two standard works, Earthquakes (1883), and Seismology (1898).