Mitchell, Silas Weir, 1829–1914, American physician and author, b. Philadelphia, M.D. Jefferson Medical College, 1850, studied in Paris. A pioneer in the application of psychology to medicine, he won special fame for his treatment of nervous disorders and for his study of the nervous system. His medical works include treatises on snake venom and neurology, as well as Injuries of Nerves and Their Consequences (1872) and Fat and Blood (1877), which summarizes his well-known rest cure. Among his novels are historical romances ( Hugh Wynne, Free Quaker, 1896) and psychological studies ( Constance Trescot, 1905). He wrote several volumes of poetry and interspersed lyrics in his novels.
See biography by J. P. Lovering (1971).
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