Moore, Stanford, 1913–82, American biochemist, b. Chicago, Ph.D. Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, 1938. Moore joined the faculty at the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research (now Rockefeller Univ.) in New York in 1939 and remained there until his death in 1982. He received the 1972 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Christian Anfinsen and William Stein for their work on the enzyme ribonuclease, which catalyzes the hydrolysis of RNA into smaller components. Moore and Stein are credited with describing in detail the chemical structure of catalytically active sites on the enzyme and their relation to the enzyme's biological activity.
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