Murray, Henry A., 1893–1988, American psychologist, b. New York City. Murray was trained in a variety of disciplines, including psychology, chemistry, and biology. He taught at Harvard (1927–62), and helped found the Boston Psychoanalytic Society. His theory of personality drew from both Freudian and Jungian psychoanalysis, to form a complex system of basic motivational forces. Murray developed the Thematic Apperception Test (TAT), a projective test widely used by psychologists for assessing personality (see psychological tests).
See E. S. Shneidman, ed., Selections from the Personology of Henry A. Murray (1981).
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