Palikao, Charles Guillaume Cousin-Montauban, comte de (shärl gēyōmˈ kōzăNˈ-môNtōbäNˈ kôNt də pälēkäōˈ) [key], 1796–1878, French general. He commanded (1860) the French forces in China; his title was bestowed after his victory at Baliqiao (formerly Palikao or Pa-li-ch'iao) near Beijing. At the start of the Franco-Prussian War he replaced (Aug., 1870) Ollivier as premier under the regency of Empress Eugénie. The capture of Napoleon III at Sedan was followed by the overthrow of the Second Empire in a bloodless revolution at Paris, and Palikao fled to Belgium.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.