Paskevich, Ivan Feodorovich (ēvänˈ fyôˈdərəvĭch pəskyĕˈvĭch) [key], 1782–1856, Russian army officer and administrator. He fought in the Napoleonic Wars, was created count of Erivan after conquering (1827) Persian Armenia in the war with Persia (1826–28), and became field marshal after his successful campaign in the Russo-Turkish War of 1828–29. After the Polish insurrection of 1830, Paskevich captured Warsaw from the rebels (1831) and was made prince of Warsaw and viceroy of Poland by Czar Nicholas I. Brutal and authoritarian, he followed Nicholas's policy for the Russification of Poland. In 1849 he led the Russian troops that went to the aid of Austria against the Hungarian insurrectionists. In the Crimean War (1854–56), he commanded the army of the Danube.
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