Pepi II (pāˈpē) [key], d. c.2185 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, of the VI dynasty. His reign (c.2275–c.2185 B.C.) is the longest recorded in history. It was successful because the powerful southern lords at Elephantine organized the Egyptian caravan trade route, which enabled expeditions to penetrate well into Nubia and carry on a prosperous trade with Sudan and Punt as well as with Byblos in Phoenicia.
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