Pérez Esquivel, Adolpho, 1931–, Argentine sculptor, architect, and humanitarian. A professor at the Argentine National School of Fine Arts, he resigned (1974) to become head of Peace and Justice, a human-rights organization. He was arrested (1977), tortured, and jailed for more than a year for his outspoken criticism of the ruling military junta's brutality to its opponents. In 1980, Pérez was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
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