Philaret or Filaret, Vasily Drosdov (both: vəsēˈlyē drəsdôfˈ fēlərĕtˈ) [key], 1782?–1867, Russian prelate, author, and preacher. He became archbishop of Tver and a member of the holy synod in 1819 and metropolitan of Moscow in 1826. He long urged the abolition of serfdom and is generally considered the author of the Edict of Emancipation promulgated by Alexander II in 1861. Philaret also wrote a standard catechism of the Russian Orthodox Church.
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