Pickens, Andrew, 1739–1817, American Revolutionary soldier, b. near Paxtang, Pa. He moved (1752) to South Carolina and took part (1761) in frontier warfare against the Cherokee. During the American Revolution, Pickens rose in rank from captain of militia to brigadier general. He took part in the victories at Kettle Creek (1779) and at Cowpens, Augusta, and Eutaw Springs (all in 1781). Prominent in local politics, he served (1781–93, 1800–1812) in the state legislature, was (1793–95) a U.S. Congressman, and frequently served as commissioner for Native American relations in the South.
See A. N. Waring, The Fighting Elder: Andrew Pickens (1962).