Piloty, Karl von (kärl fən pēlōˈtē) [key], 1826–86, German historical painter; son of Ferdinand Piloty (1786–1844), a noted German lithographer. Karl first won recognition for his genre paintings, such as The Nurse (1853). He soon specialized in historical paintings, which were famous in his day for realism and emphasis on color. As a popular professor at the Munich Academy, he exercised a great influence on many German painters. Among his well-known works are The Death of Caesar and Galileo in Prison.
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