Pippin, Horace, 1888–1946, American primitive painter, b. West Chester, Pa. He worked as a porter, peddler, and warehouseman and never studied art. He was severely wounded in World War I. The naive fervor and bold design of his painting brought him recognition in the 1930s. Although his output amounted to less than 150 oils, drawings, and wood panels, he is one of the most widely acclaimed of America's "primitive" artists and was the subject of a major retrospective in 1994. Among his works in public collections are Self-Portrait (Albright-Knox Art Gall., Buffalo, N.Y.); Suppertime (Barnes Foundation, Merion, Pa.); and End of the War (Philadelphia Mus. of Art).
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