Ponge, Francis (fräNsēsˈ pôNzh) [key], 1899–1988, French essayist and poet. A controversial figure, he was opposed to emotional and symbolic poetic methods. His method was to observe things meticulously and describe them in rational, yet lyric terms. His works include Le Parti-pris des choses (1942; tr. The Voice of Things, 1972), and La Rage de l'expression (1952).