Psamtik

Psamtik (sämˈtĭk, sămˈ–) [key], Lat. Psammetichus, d. 609 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, founder of the XXVI dynasty. When his father, Necho, lord of Saïs under the Assyrians, was defeated and killed (663 B.C.), by the Nubian Tanutamon, Psamtik fled to his overlord, Assurbanipal, who reinstated (661) him at Saïs as viceroy of Lower Egypt. While Assurbanipal was busy in Babylonia and other regions, Psamtik shook off his Assyrian allegiance and became master of all Egypt. During his long and eminently prosperous reign, he encouraged the settlement (especially at Naucratis) of Greek soldiers and traders, who for the first time became important in Egypt. His incursion into Palestine was stopped by the Scythians. His son was the pharaoh Necho.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Psamtik from Fact Monster:

  • Naucratis - Naucratis Naucratis , ancient city of Egypt, on the Canopic branch of the Nile, 45 mi (72 km) SE of ...
  • Pelusium - Pelusium Pelusium , ancient city of Egypt, on the easternmost branch of the Nile (long since silted ...
  • Apries - Apries Apries , king of ancient Egypt (588–569 B.C.), of the XXVI dynasty; successor of ...
  • Tahpanhes - Tahpanhes Tahpanhes , Tahapanes, or Tehaphnehes, ancient city, NE Egypt, on Lake Manzala. The site ...
  • Necho - Necho Necho , fl. 670 B.C., lord of Saïs, Egypt. He was confirmed in his holding after the ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Ancient History, Egypt: Biographies