Pye, John, 1782–1874, English engraver, founder of modern landscape engraving. As an illustrator for popular art annuals, he executed plates for landscapes by J. M. W. Turner, Claude Lorrain, and Gaspard Poussin. The British Museum has his impressions for Turner's Liber Studiorum. By his expert use of chiaroscuro, he translated works in color into effective black-and-white engravings. He wrote Patronage of British Art (1845).