Raff, Joseph Joachim (yōˈzĕf yōˈäkhĭm räf) [key], 1822–82, Swiss-German composer and pianist, largely self-taught. He was a friend and follower of Liszt, who produced his opera King Alfred at Weimar in 1851. A prolific composer, Raff achieved a position of eminence in Germany during his late years, but is chiefly remembered for the Lenore symphony (1872) and a few salon pieces.
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