Raman, Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata (chŭnˈdrəsĕkärə vĕngˈkətə räˈmən) [key], 1888–1970, Indian physicist. He was professor of physics at Calcutta Univ. from 1917 to 1933. In Bangalore (Bengaluru) he directed the Indian Institute of Science and, from 1946, the Raman Institute. For his research on the diffusion of light and for his discovery of the Raman effect, he received the 1930 Nobel Prize in Physics. He is noted also for his studies of diamonds. In 1929 he was knighted.
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