Richter, Hans (häns rĭkhˈtər) [key], 1888–1976, American artist, b. Germany. A painter and filmmaker, Richter was influenced by cubism and Dada and was a member of the Dutch de Stijl group (see Stijl, de). His preoccupation with continuity led him first to scroll painting and then to the making of abstract films such as Rythm 21 (1921). His film Dreams That Money Can Buy (1944–46) was made in collaboration with Alexander Calder, Marcel Duchamp, Man Ray, Fernand Léger, and Max Ernst. It concerns the fantasies of a group of psychiatric patients.
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