Roland Holst, Henriëtte (van der Schalk) (hĕnrēĕtˈə vän dĕr skhälk rōˈlänt hôlst) [key], 1869–1952, Dutch writer. Her early Sonnets and Poems Written in Terza Rima (1895) won praise for outstanding lyric quality. Roland Holst became an active socialist and communist and wrote vigorous biographies of Rousseau (1912), Garibaldi (1920), Leo Tolstoy (1930), and Gandhi (1947) from a leftist viewpoint as well as studies of class war and capitalism. The Bolshevik victory (1917) in Russia inspired her Submerged Bounds (1918) though she later became disillusioned with Communism.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.