Romero, Francisco (fränsēsˈkō rōmāˈrō) [key], 1891–1962, Argentine philosopher and essayist, b. Seville, Spain. One of the most prominent philosophers of Latin America, he was the leading representative of a reaction against the materialist doctrines of positivism in vogue at the turn of the century. A central theme in his work was the problem of the spiritual life as the highest step in the scale of truth and value. Literary elegance as well as rigorous exposition characterized his work. Some of his major books include El hombre y la cultura (1950), Teoría del hombre (1952; tr. Theory of Man, 1964), and Historia de la filosofía moderna (1959).
See study by M. Harris (1960); S. Lipp, Three Argentine Thinkers (1969).