Rosa, João Guimarães (rŏˈzä) [key], 1908–67, Brazilian novelist. In The Devil to Pay in the Backlands (1956, tr. 1963), Rosa combines naturalism with psychological analysis in his examination of Riobaldo, an outlaw from NE Brazil. Rosa, a leading novelist of 20th-century Brazil, was also a physician and served as a Brazilian diplomat.
See stories tr. by B. Shelby (1968); studies by J. Vincent (1978) and E. de Faria Coutinho (1991).