Rosenwald, Julius (rōˈzənwôld) [key], 1862–1932, American merchant and philanthropist, b. Springfield, Ill. He was president (1910–25), and later chairman of the board, of the mail-order house of Sears, Roebuck & Company. He established in 1917 the Julius Rosenwald Fund, which was largely used to establish rural schools for blacks. His many philanthropies also included Jewish relief in the Middle East and Russia, funds for YMCA and YWCA buildings in cities with large black populations, and grants to educational institutions.
See biography by M. R. Werner (1939).