Russell of Killowen, Charles Russell, Baron (kĭlōˈən) [key], 1832–1900, British jurist, b. Ireland. He practiced law in Belfast and London before his election to Parliament as a Liberal in 1880. In the Commons he worked for the conciliation of Ireland, and he was the leading counsel for Charles Stewart Parnell before the Parnell Commission (1888–90). He served as William Gladstone's attorney general (1886, 1892–94) and in 1894 became lord chief justice, the first Roman Catholic to hold that office since the Reformation. Russell served as counsel (1893) in the Bering Sea Fur-Seal Controversy and in 1899 was one of the Venezuela Boundary Arbitration Tribunal.
See biography by R. B. O'Brien (1909).