Sacks, Oliver Wolf, 1933–, British neurologist and author, b. London, educated at Oxford. In 1960 he moved to the United States, where he continued his medical training. He began an association with Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York City in 1965, later becoming a professor of neurology there. In 2007 he became a professor of clinical neurology and clinical psychology at Columbia's College of Physicians and Surgeons. Since 2012 he has been a professor of neurology at the New York University School of Medicine. He also works in area psychiatric centers and nursing homes. A creative medical thinker, Sacks is known for an approach to medicine that humanizes the patient and is concerned with the psychological, moral, and spiritual elements of illness and treatment. His books, which include Awakenings (1973), The Man Who Mistook His Wife for a Hat (1985), An Anthropologist on Mars (1995), The Island of the Colorblind (1997), Musicophilia (2007), The Mind's Eye (2010), and Hallucinations (2012), describe case histories of people with neurological and perceptual disorders, and exhibit a fascination with the creativity of the mind as it copes with such disabilities.
See his memoir of his boyhood, Uncle Tungsten (2001).