Samaroff, Olga (səmäˈrôf) [key], 1882–1948, American pianist and educator, whose real name was Hickenlooper, b. San Antonio, Tex.; studied at the Paris Conservatory. Her American debut (1905) was in New York City. She taught at the Juilliard School of Music and at the Philadelphia Conservatory. She was music critic (1927–29) for the New York Evening Post and in 1933 founded the Layman's Music Course, Inc. She was the wife of Leopold Stokowski from 1911 to 1923. Her writings on music include The Layman's Music Book (1935) and A Music Manual (1936).
See her autobiography, An American Musician's Story (1939).
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