Sanger, Frederick (săngˈər) [key], 1918–, British biochemist, grad. Cambridge (B.A., 1939; Ph.D., 1943). He continued his research at Cambridge after 1943. He won the 1958 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his studies on insulin, accomplishing the first determination of the amino acid sequence (primary structure) of a protein of the insulin molecule. In 1980, he shared the Nobel Prize (with Paul Berg and Walter Gilbert) for developing a method, important in recombinant DNA research, for rapidly determining the chemical structure of pieces of DNA.
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