Santa María, Domingo (dōmēngˈgō sänˈtä märēˈä) [key], 1825–89, Chilean historian and statesman, president of Chile (1881–86). A liberal statesman, scholar, and author of several historical works, he took part in revolutions against the conservative regime of Manuel Montt and was twice exiled (1852–53, 1859–60). In his administration the separation of church and state was fostered, the War of the Pacific brought to a successful end, and the last serious uprising of Araucanians suppressed.
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