Saragat, Giuseppe (jōsĕpˈpē säräˈgät) [key], 1898–1988, Italian political leader. He was president of the constituent assembly that framed (1946) Italy's republican constitution. In 1947 he broke with the Socialist party headed by Pietro Nenni and founded (1951) the anti-Communist Democratic Socialist party. After serving as deputy premier and cabinet minister in several postwar governments, he was Italy's president from 1964 to 1971.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.