Schiller, Ferdinand Canning Scott (shĭlˈər) [key], 1864–1937, British philosopher. Schiller studied at Oxford and was professor of philosophy there (1897–1926) and at the Univ. of Southern California (1929–37). His philosophical position is closely related to the pragmatism of William James. Schiller called his system humanism, holding that "man is the measure of all things." Among his works are Riddles of the Sphinx (1891), Humanism (1912), Problems of Belief (1924), and Logic for Use (1929); Our Human Truths (1939), a collection of his last writings, was published posthumously.
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