Schlafly, Phyllis (shlăfˈlē) [key], 1924–, American conservative activist, b. St. Louis, Mo., as Phyllis Stewart, grad. Washington Univ. (B.A. 1944, J.D. 1978), Harvard (M.A. 1945). A conservative Republican lawyer, she was an anticommunist crusader in the 1950s and 60s, and ran for Congress unsuccessfully three times (1952, 1960, 1970). She is probably best known for the ultimately successful campaign she organized (1972) to deny ratification to the Equal Rights Amendment, which she denounced as damaging to the family. She also has been a vehement opponent of abortion and gay marriage. Schlafly is the founder of the conservative Eagle Forum, the author of more than 20 books, a syndicated columnist, and radio commentator.
See biographies by C. Felsenthal (1981) and D. T. Critchlow (2005).