Schmidt-Rottluff, Karl (shmĭt-rŏtˈlŏf) [key], 1884–1976, German painter and woodcut artist. Schmidt-Rottluff cofounded and named the Brücke in 1905. After moving to Berlin in 1911, he developed an art of compelling color and mystical intensity influenced by fauvism, cubism, and primitive art. His vigorous graphic technique are best realized in his woodcuts (e.g., The Way to Emmaus, 1918; Philadelphia Mus. of Art).