Schrödinger, Erwin (ĕrˈvĭn shröˈdĭng-ər) [key], 1887–1961, Austrian theoretical physicist. He was educated at Vienna, taught at Breslau and Zürich, and was professor at the Univ. of Berlin (1927–33), fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford (1933–36), and professor at the Univ. of Graz (1936–38), the Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies (1940–57), and the Univ. of Vienna (1957–61). Schrödinger is known for his mathematical development of wave mechanics (1926), a form of quantum mechanics (see quantum theory), and his formulation of the wave equation that bears his name. The Schrödinger equation is the most widely used mathematical tool of the modern quantum theory. For this work he shared the 1933 Nobel Prize in Physics with P. A. M. Dirac.
See studies by C. W. Kilmister, ed. (1987) and W. J. Moore (1989).