Schwanthaler, Ludwig von (lŏtˈvĭkh fən shvänˈtälər) [key], 1802–48, German sculptor. Though he was a neoclassicist, his later works were more in the romantic manner and devoted to themes that appealed to the growing national sentiment. Overwhelmed by commissions for monuments and large decorative sculptures for the new palace, the Ruhmeshalle, and other buildings erected in Munich by King Louis I of Bavaria, he left the execution to a great extent in the hands of apprentices. In Munich there is a museum devoted to his work. His portrait of Mozart stands at Salzburg. The Metropolitan Museum owns his bronze Dancing Girl.