James Brown Scott
Scott, James Brown, 1866–1943, American lawyer and educator, b. Ontario. He studied international law at Harvard and at Berlin, Heidelberg, and Paris. He was dean of the law schools of the Univ. of Southern California (1896–99) and the Univ. of Illinois (1899–1903) and professor of law at Columbia and George Washington universities and the Univ. of Chicago. He was solicitor of the Dept. of State (1906–10), delegate to the Second Hague Peace Conference (1907), and a prominent arbitrator in international disputes. One of America's most noted experts on international law, Scott was a trustee and secretary of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace from 1910 to 1940, as well as director of its division of international law. He edited (1907–24) the American Journal of International Law and was president (1915–40) of the American Institute of International Law. His books include The Hague Peace Conference of 1899 and 1907 (2 vol., 1909) and Law, the State, and the International Community (2 vol., 1939).