Shammah (shămˈə) [key], in the Bible. 1 Jesse's third son. Alternate forms are Shimea, Shimeah, and Shimma. 2 Duke of Edom, grandson of Esau. In the confusing list of David's mighty men in the Book of Second Samuel, the name Shammah occurs several times, and the references may be to the same man. The correspondences with the parallel list in chapter 11 of First Chronicles are also obscure, but Shammoth in chapter 11 of First Chronicles seems to be the same as Shammah in chapter 23 of Second Samuel—as well as the captain Shamhuth in chapter 27 of First Chronicles—and the Shage in chapter 11 of First Chronicles seems the same as Shammah in chapter 23 of Second Samuel.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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