Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881–1926, American critic and editor, b. Anita, Iowa, grad. Williams, 1900, Ph.D. Harvard, 1906. Professor of English at the Univ. of Illinois from 1907 to 1924, he resigned to edit the literary section of the New York Herald Tribune. His conservative, chauvinistic views involved him in a lengthy quarrel with H. L. Mencken; in later years his beliefs became more liberal. Among his critical works are a biography of Matthew Arnold (1917), Americans (1922), and The Emotional Discovery of America and Other Essays (1932). Sherman was also an editor of The Cambridge History of American Literature.