Shrewsbury, John Talbot, 1st earl of (shrōzˈbərē, shrōzˈ–) [key], 1388?–1453, English soldier. As lieutenant of Ireland (1414–19, 1445–47) he quelled unrest in that country, but he achieved his greatest fame for his military daring in France during the latter years of the Hundred Years War. He was present at the siege of Orléans and was taken prisoner (1429) at Patay and held for four years. He was slain at Castillon.
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