Sigerist, Henry Ernest (sĭgˈərĭst) [key], 1891–1957, American medical historian and writer, b. Paris, M.D. Univ. of Zürich, 1917. He taught history of medicine at the universities of Zürich (1921–23) and Leipzig (1925–32) before coming to the United States. From 1932 to 1947 he was professor at and director of the institute of the history of medicine at Johns Hopkins. In 1947 he returned to Switzerland to work on a comprehensive multivolume history of medicine. His publications include Man and Medicine (1932), Great Doctors (1933), Socialized Medicine in the Soviet Union (1937), Medicine and Human Welfare (1941), Civilization and Disease (1943), and A History of Medicine (2 vol., 1951–61).