Sims, James Marion, 1813–83, American gynecologist, b. Lancaster co., S.C., M.D. Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, 1835. He practiced in Mt. Meigs, Ala. A surgeon of international repute, he introduced new operations and instruments (including a vaginal speculum) and wrote the important Clinical Notes on Uterine Surgery (1866). In 1855 he founded Woman's Hospital in New York City.
See his autobiography (1884).