Andrew Taylor Still
Still, Andrew Taylor, 1828–1917, founder of osteopathy, b. Jonesboro, Va. He evolved the theory that all diseases and physical disorders ultimately derived from dislocations (which he called subluxations) of the vertebrae and that specific manipulations and massage—not drugs—could remedy any illness. In 1892 he founded a school of osteopathy in Kirksville, Mo. He wrote numerous works advancing his theories; his lengthy, colorfully illustrated autobiography (1897, rev. ed. 1908) includes descriptions of various cures.